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A stepwise guide to HTML, CSS for beginners
A Complete Guide On HTML, CSS For Beginners

HTML, CSS lessons for prefect website designs 

What are the raw materials needed before one gets on to constructing a building? Bricks, cement, paint and so on. Similarly, in order to design a strong and attractive website, HyperText MarkUp Language (HTML) and Cascading Style Sheet (CSS) are the raw materials that one would need to keep in place. 

While there are guides aplenty that attempt to teach you the basics of HTML and CSS with different concepts and theories, this blog will help you design a website with practicality. 

HTML consists of tags and attributes, which help you design a webpage. It can also be described as a document that contains a link allowing a user to jump from one webpage to another on the internet.

On the other hand, CSS is a helping hand to HTML, which helps a user to design a webpage by providing different designing and styling properties for the content. 

There are three types of CSS:

Inline, Internal and External.

Inline CSS

Inline CSS is used to apply styling in a single HTML element.

Inline CSS

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It uses a style attribute to control a single HTML element.

Internal CSS

Internally, a <style> attribute in the <head> section is used.

Internal CSS

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External CSS

This is used by linking to an external CSS file with the <link> element in the <head> section.

External <link>: - 

External CSS

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External CSS file: - 

External CSS

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Basic Structure of HTML page

Structure of HTML page

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<!DOCTYPE html> 

This tag determines the language in which the page will be written. HTML 5 is the language in this scenario.

<html> 

This tag is used to denote that a user is going to write in HTML code.

<head> 

This tag indicates the page’s metadata, which is meant for search engines and other programmes.

<meta> 

This is where the document’s information is kept. For eg: character encoding, page context and description.

<title>

This tag is used in order to define a title for a user web page.

<body> 

This is a tag where a user keeps data in order to show the result oriented web page to another user.

What are HTML tags and attributes?

HTML tags and attributes are the base of HTML designs, which are used to mark up the start of an HTML element.

Most of the tags are opened and closed in order to perform their actual functionality. For eg: <h1> is the opening tag while   </h1> is the closing tag.

HTML attributes are additional pieces of information. Attributes take the form of opening and closing tags and the additional information is added into the tags. For eg: <img src=”image.png” alt=”this is the image”>, in this example (src) and (alt) are attributes.

Note that most of the tags in HTML code once opened should be closed too. For eg: <b> is for BOLD tag and you close it with </b>.

Use of JavaScript (JS) in HTML

Javascript, which is often known as JS, is a high level dynamic interpreted programming language.

It allows client-side scripting to create a completely dynamic website.

What software can you use to design your website?

Sublime Text 3

Sublime text

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Notepad++

Notepad++

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Visual Studio Code

Visual studio code

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Note that the user code depends on the software they use and the front-end view differs from one browser to the other.

For more information on HTML/CSS, contact us

Tanmay  Sharma
Tanmay Sharma

Technical Associate

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